The embattled Belarusian president, Alexander Lukashenko, is due to meet his Russian counterpart, Vladimir Putin, in talks that could be crucial in determining whether or not he survives an ongoing protest movement against him.

Lukashenko’s plane took off from Minsk on Monday morning, and he is due in Sochi, the Black Sea resort where Putin has a residence, for talks in the afternoon. The visit comes a day after Lukashenko’s riot police struggled to deal with another huge rally in Minsk and other cities, in which water cannon was used against protesters. On Monday morning, the country’s interior ministry said 774 people had been detained on Sunday, including more than 500 in Minsk.

Protests have been ongoing for more than a month, since Lukashenko declared victory in a presidential election on 9 August and then cracked down ruthlessly on protests in the aftermath. For some weeks since the initial wave of violence, daily protests and mass rallies on Sundays have been allowed to go on largely unmolested, but in recent days riot police have cracked down again.

Incidents caught on camera show that, for the first time, police have been willing to use violence against female protesters. Officers, sometimes in plain clothes and often wearing balaclavas, picked people from the crowds and bundled them into vans. Authorities have also targeted the leaders of the protest movement, particularly those involved in a coordination council set up to oversee a peaceful transition of power. Members have been arrested, threatened or forcibly deported.

Lukashenko has publicly asked Putin to intervene militarily in Belarus, painting the demonstrations as an arm of a Nato-led military assault on the country. Putin has declined to do so, but said he had prepared a contingent of law enforcement officers to send in if things got out of control.

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On Monday, Russia will send paratroopers to Belarus for 10 days of military exercises entitled “Slavic brotherhood”, Russian news agencies have reported. Lukashenko is also looking for financial assistance from Russia to help him neutralise the protest movement.

Svetlana Tikhanovskaya, who officially gained just 10% of the votes in last month’s presidential election but has declared herself “national leader” after she was forced into exile to neighbouring Lithuania, released a statement warning Putin that any agreements he made with Lukashenko would be deemed invalid. Tikhanovskaya has said she wants to preside over a transition period before new, free elections are held.

“I want to remind Vladimir Putin, whatever you agree on in Sochi will not have legal force,” Tikhanovskaya said on Monday, the news portal reported. “Any agreements signed with the illegitimate Lukashenko will be revisited by the new government. Because the Belarusian people withdrew their trust and support for Lukashenko at the elections. I regret that you have decided on dialogue with a dictator, and not with the Belarusian people.”

Russia and Belarus nominally form a “Union State” that is meant to involve close integration under a number of common institutions but in reality only exists on paper, partly because in the past Lukashenko has been reluctant to cede power.

Analysts say Putin does not particularly like or trust Lukashenko, but is loth to see power challenged by street protests in a country so close to Russia. Some believe Putin’s game may be to force a weakened Lukashenko to accept further integration, essentially resulting in a form of soft annexation.

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The slogan for the protest on Sunday was “We won’t let him sell the country”. Although the protests have not been geopolitical, and many people in Belarus are pro-Russian, there is increasing disquiet at the Kremlin’s support for Lukashenko.

The visit to Sochi is Lukashenko’s first trip outside the country since the protests began. On Friday, the Kremlin said no documents would be signed at the meeting on Monday and there would be no press conference.



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