TOKYO — Masami Fujino got his first raise in 20 years recently, but it’s still not enough to let the Tokyo day labourer treat himself to plain McDonald’s hamburgers as much as he used to.
“Last year, I finally got a bit of a raise at one place,” said the 54-year-old, who works for a moving company and in construction. “It brought me up to minimum wage there at last,” 1,072 yen (S$10.95) an hour in Tokyo.
Steep price increases on surging raw materials costs are squeezing Japan’s workers, as years of deflation or minimal rises give way to 41-year-high inflation of four per cent.
Major companies, under government pressure, are offering their biggest raises in decades. The operator of clothing giant Uniqlo plans raises of up to 40 per cent, and more than half of big firms in a Reuters survey plan wage hikes.
But many of the small and midsize firms that employ the vast majority of Japanese workers cannot keep up.
The situation is worse for workers like Fujino, one of a growing number of non-regular or temporary employees who often do lower-paid jobs not subject to the minimum wage or social security.
Their numbers have risen since then-Prime Minister Shinzo Abe launched policies a decade ago that boosted stocks and corporate profits but did not boost wages much. Irregular workers were 36.7 per cent of the workforce last year, up from 31.5 per cent in 2019, government data shows.
Fujino gets an average 250,000 yen a month from his two jobs. Some months it is half of that, due to seasonal factors.
“I’m really jealous of places like Uniqlo with their raises — and I wonder if we’ll ever see the same,” he said.
“Uniqlo sells clothes, but they rely on a lot of people like shippers and so on. When they raise pay for their salaried workers, they need to cut back in other places. I just hope this won’t make people at the bottom like us suffer even more.”
A university dropout, Fujino worked part-time jobs during Japan’s late 1980s economic boom years, then became a bartender before shifting to manual labour 20 years ago. Sometimes he works nights, sometimes it’s the day shift.
When he has time off, he might enjoy a long soak in a cheap public bath.
Single, Fujino cooks most of his own food — rice, dried seaweed, a fried egg, rice balls, maybe with pickled plums. Occasionally he eats at inexpensive diners or goes out for drinks.
Sometimes in the past, “I’d buy a whole bunch of hamburgers at McDonald’s. But the price has gone up from 110 to 170 yen in the last year,” he said. “Now I could only buy half of what I once did.”
National health insurance pays for the blood-pressure medication he needs and he rents a one-room apartment.
He just laughs when asked about savings and retirement.
“I don’t think I’ll have an old age — after all, I have high blood pressure. I probably have another 10 years, and I’ll be able to make it through that,” he said.
“Who I really worry about are the young guys doing the same work.”