After a record-breaking 2019, in which exports rose 2.4 percent to reach $22.2 billion, the Swiss watch industry is now facing fears that the spread of the new coronavirus will eliminate growth in 2020.

Watchmakers are extremely dependent on Chinese consumer demand — “to the tune of close to 50 percent of their revenues,” Luca Solca, an analyst with Bernstein, said in an email. “A continuing spread of the novel coronavirus epidemic would hit them particularly hard.”

That is especially true in Hong Kong, Switzerland’s No. 1 destination for watch exports, which is trying to contain any spread of the virus while still suffering the effects of antigovernment demonstrations that began in June. The semiautonomous city, a special administrative region of China, confirmed in mid-November that it had entered its first recession since 2009.

Watch exports to the city fell by 11.4 percent in 2019 compared with the previous year, and the downward trend shows no signs of improving, said Thierry Huron, founder of The Mercury Project, a Swiss watch and jewelry consultancy.

Exports to mainland China, however, jumped by 49 percent in December over the previous year’s December total, in anticipation of the Lunar New Year that began Jan. 25, traditionally a popular time for shopping and gift giving.

  • Updated Feb. 10, 2020

    • What is a Coronavirus?
      It is a novel virus named for the crown-like spikes that protrude from its surface. The coronavirus can infect both animals and people, and can cause a range of respiratory illnesses from the common cold to more dangerous conditions like Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, or SARS.
    • How contagious is the virus?
      According to preliminary research, it seems moderately infectious, similar to SARS, and is possibly transmitted through the air. Scientists have estimated that each infected person could spread it to somewhere between 1.5 and 3.5 people without effective containment measures.
    • How worried should I be?
      While the virus is a serious public health concern, the risk to most people outside China remains very low, and seasonal flu is a more immediate threat.
    • Who is working to contain the virus?
      World Health Organization officials have praised China’s aggressive response to the virus by closing transportation, schools and markets. This week, a team of experts from the W.H.O. arrived in Beijing to offer assistance.
    • What if I’m traveling?
      The United States and Australia are temporarily denying entry to noncitizens who recently traveled to China and several airlines have canceled flights.
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      Washing your hands frequently is the most important thing you can do, along with staying at home when you’re sick.
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But anecdotal reports suggest that sales in January were broadly affected by the viral outbreak in the central Chinese city of Wuhan and the subsequent travel restrictions imposed on tens of millions of people in the region to contain the disease.

As of Feb. 13, at least 1,491 people were reported to have died, all but three in mainland China. The toll has surpassed that of the SARS epidemic of 2002-3.

“Our understanding is that luxury consumption in China has ground to a sudden stop,” Mr. Solca wrote in a report to investors dated Feb. 5.

Jean-Daniel Pasche, president of the Federation of the Swiss Watch Industry, said in an email that the effect of the epidemic “will depend on the length and the extent.”

The Swatch Group is not taking any chances. On Feb. 3, the company — which owns seven prestige watchmakers, including Blancpain, Breguet and Omega — announced that it had canceled a global press event scheduled March 4 to 6 in Zurich because of “the uncertainty related to the 2019-nCoV Coronavirus outbreak.”

If the virus is not contained by the end of March, said Alexander Linz, a watch journalist for WatchAdvisor.com based in Vienna, “things might change dramatically.”

He was referring to the Swiss watch industry’s two most important annual events, Watches & Wonders, a luxury watch fair slated for April 25 to 29 in Geneva, and the Baselworld trade show, scheduled for April 30 to May 5 in Basel, Switzerland.

Representatives of both fairs said that, as of now, their shows would go on, though they were monitoring the public health situation closely. So are some participants. On Feb. 11, Bulgari, the Roman jewelry house owned by LVMH Moët Hennessy Louis Vuitton, announced it was withdrawing from the Baselworld fair. Jean-Christophe Babin, its chief executive, said in a statement that the decision had been made “having in mind the SARS impact on the watch fairs years ago as well as acknowledging that the pandemic is still expanding.”

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Watchmakers are left to draw imperfect comparisons to the SARS epidemic, when the start of the Iraq War and a sharp appreciation of the euro against the dollar contributed to a 4.4 percent drop in exports.

“If the media craze surrounding coronavirus does not abide quickly, it may very well cause much more economic damage than 17 years ago,” Maximilian Büsser, founder and creative director of the Geneva-based brand MB&F, said in an email. “Probably the only winners will be e-commerce platforms — as consumers in some parts of the world dare not to venture out of their homes.”



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